Strategic options associated with cooperative members' equity Academic Article uri icon


  • PurposeBuilding on the property rights framework, the purpose of this paper is to frame the cooperative business model in terms of strategic options held either by the board or by members. Options that are analyzed include growth and restructuring, dividend allocation, member entry and exit, and member embedded value options.Design/methodology/approachEmpirical estimates of the options' financial value, as well as sensitivity analyses, are presented for a stylized example using historical data and Monte Carlo optionpricing methods. Attention is paid to the effect of member age, discount rate and business operation size.FindingsResults suggest that the board's growth options can be substantial, while member options generally have small but nontrivial value. Implications for the stability of membership are drawn.Practical implicationsThe financial or economic value of strategic options in agricultural cooperatives can be significant, and decision makers may benefit from accounting for their presence.Originality/valueCooperatives play an important role in agribusiness but have undergone significant changes in the past two decades in terms of organizational and financial structure. This paper contributes to an understanding of the value of control and residual rights associated with the Board and members of cooperatives.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Power, G. J., Salin, V., & Park, J. L.

citation count

  • 1

complete list of authors

  • Power, Gabriel J||Salin, Victoria||Park, John L

publication date

  • January 2012