Equation of state of nuclear and neutron matter at third-order in perturbation theory from chiral effective field theory Academic Article uri icon


  • 2017 American Physical Society. We compute from chiral two- and three-nucleon interactions the energy per particle of symmetric nuclear matter and pure neutron matter at third-order in perturbation theory including self-consistent second-order single-particle energies. Particular attention is paid to the third-order particle-hole ring diagram, which is often neglected in microscopic calculations of the equation of state. We provide semianalytic expressions for the direct terms from central and tensor model-type interactions that are useful as theoretical benchmarks. We investigate uncertainties arising from the order-by-order convergence in both many-body perturbation theory and the chiral expansion. Including also variations in the resolution scale at which nuclear forces are resolved, we provide new error bands on the equation of state, the isospin-asymmetry energy, and its slope parameter. We find in particular that the inclusion of third-order diagrams reduces the theoretical uncertainty at low densities, while in general the largest error arises from omitted higher-order terms in the chiral expansion of the nuclear forces.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Holt, J. W., & Kaiser, N.

citation count

  • 84

complete list of authors

  • Holt, JW||Kaiser, N

publication date

  • January 2017