Sequential distribution of keratan sulphate and chondroitin sulphate epitopes during ameloblast differentiation.
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Proteoglycans are complex macromolecules containing one or more glycosaminoglycan chains and exhibiting a variety of biological functions in connective tissues. The aim of the present study was to immunolocalize the distribution of keratan sulphate and chondroitin sulphate epitopes during initial enamel formation in order to study temporo-spatial expression patterns of these macromolecules. Third molars of four-months-old pigs were used for immunolocalization of keratan sulphate and chondroitin sulphate epitopes in the developing enamel layer. Tooth organs were prepared for paraffin sections in order to perform indirect immunohistochemistry. The results demonstrated a mutually exclusive positioning between these two epitopes. Keratan sulphate epitopes were observed in pre-secretory pre-ameloblasts and adjacent stratum intermedium while chondroitin sulphate epitopes were demonstrated in secretory ameloblasts and adjacent stratum intermedium. Our findings suggest that proteoglycans containing glycosaminoglycan chains may play a regulatory role during enamel mineralization.