Biomechanical effects of fixed partial denture therapy on strain patterns of the mandible.
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STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The mandibular posterior 3-unit fixed partial denture (FPD) is a conventional prosthodontic therapy and presumably has an effect on the direction and magnitude of occlusal forces and, thus, on the biomechanical environment of the mandible, which may in turn affect bone structure. However, the impact of FPD therapy on mandibular biomechanics is unknown. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that 3-unit FPD therapy alters strain patterns in the mandible during loading. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four human cadaver mandibles missing first molars were bilaterally fixed and artificially loaded on each tooth individually. Surface cortical bone strains were measured with multiple strain gauges during loading of up to 250 N. Next, 3-unit FPDs with a chamfer finish line were fabricated using Type IV gold alloy. Strain measurements were conducted in the same manner to assess differences in strain patterns before and after therapy. Paired-sample tests for metric and angular data were used to assess difference in strain pattern before and after therapies (alpha=.05). RESULTS: When loading was applied on the teeth not involved in FPD therapy, no differences were found before and after FPD placement. When the posterior retainers were loaded, the strain distribution differed (P=.01); on the buccal cortices, strain levels increased posteriorly but decreased significantly anteriorly. However, these differences were less than 100 muepsilon, and the overall deformation pattern of the mandible after the FPD therapy was similar to that before FPD therapy. Strain distributions when the pontic was loaded were similar to those when the posterior retainer was loaded. CONCLUSION: Three-unit FPD therapy did not alter the overall deformation pattern of the mandible during loading.
author list (cited authors)
Yamashita, J., Wang, Q., & Dechow, P. C.
complete list of authors
Yamashita, Junro||Wang, Qian||Dechow, Paul C