Prevalence of gingival recession after orthodontic tooth movements. Academic Article uri icon


  • INTRODUCTION: This study was designed to evaluate the long-term prevalence of gingival recession after orthodontic tooth movements, focusing on the effects of mandibular incisor proclination and expansion of maxillary posterior teeth. METHODS: Records of 205 patients (162 female, 43 male) were obtained from 2 private practice orthodontists. Using pretreatment (age, 14.05.9years) and posttreatment (age, 16.56.0years) lateral cephalograms and dental models, mandibular incisor proclination and maxillary arch widths were measured. Gingival recession was measured based on posttreatment and postretention (age, 32.38.5years) intraoral photographs and models. Associations between tooth movements and gingival recession were evaluated statistically. RESULTS: Only 5.8% of teeth exhibited recession at the end of orthodontic treatment (only 0.6% had recession>1mm). After retention, 41.7% of the teeth showed recession, but the severity was limited (only 7.0%>1mm). There was no relationship between mandibular incisor proclination during treatment and posttreatment gingival recession. Incisors that finished treatment angulated (IMPA) at 95 or greater did not show significantly more recession than did those that finished less than 95. There were weak positive correlations (r=0.17-0.41) between maxillary arch width increases during treatment and posttreatment recession. CONCLUSIONS: Orthodontic treatment is not a major risk factor for the development of gingival recession. Although greater amounts of maxillary expansion during treatment increase the risks of posttreatment recession, the effects are minimal.

published proceedings

  • Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop

altmetric score

  • 1.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Morris, J. W., Campbell, P. M., Tadlock, L. P., Boley, J., & Buschang, P. H.

citation count

  • 62

complete list of authors

  • Morris, Jason W||Campbell, Phillip M||Tadlock, Larry P||Boley, Jimmy||Buschang, Peter H

publication date

  • May 2017