Expression, purification, and characterization of a soluble form of the first extracellular domain of the human type 1 corticotropin releasing factor receptor.
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The first extracellular domain (ECD-1) of the corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) type 1 receptor, (CRFR1), is important for binding of CRF ligands. A soluble protein, mNT-CRFR1, produced by COS M6 cells transfected with a cDNA encoding amino acids 1--119 of human CRFR1 and modified to include epitope tags, binds a CRF antagonist, astressin, in a radioreceptor assay using [(125)I-d-Tyr(0)]astressin. N-terminal sequencing of mNT-CRFR1 showed the absence of the first 23 amino acids of human CRFR1. This result suggests that the CRFR1 protein is processed to cleave a putative signal peptide corresponding to amino acids 1--23. A cDNA encoding amino acids 24--119 followed by a FLAG tag, was expressed as a thioredoxin fusion protein in Escherichia coli. Following thrombin cleavage, the purified protein (bNT-CRFR1) binds astressin and the agonist urocortin with high affinity. Reduced, alkylated bNT-CRFR1 does not bind [(125)I-D-Tyr(0)]astressin. Mass spectrometric analysis of photoaffinity labeled bNT-CRFR1 yielded a 1:1 complex with ligand. Analysis of the disulfide arrangement of bNT-CRFR1 revealed bonds between Cys(30) and Cys(54), Cys(44) and Cys(87), and Cys(68) and Cys(102). This arrangement is similar to that of the ECD-1 of the parathyroid hormone receptor (PTHR), suggesting a conserved structural motif in the N-terminal domain of this family of receptors.
author list (cited authors)
Perrin, M. H., Fischer, W. H., Kunitake, K. S., Craig, A. G., Koerber, S. C., Cervini, L. A., ... Vale, W. W
complete list of authors
Perrin, MH||Fischer, WH||Kunitake, KS||Craig, AG||Koerber, SC||Cervini, LA||Rivier, JE||Groppe, JC||Greenwald, J||Møller Nielsen, S||Vale, WW