One- and two-dimensional assembly of colloidal ellipsoids in ac electric fields
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We investigate the assembly of colloidal ellipsoids in ac electric fields. Polystyrene latex ellipsoids with aspect ratios 3.0, 4.3, and 7.6 orient with the applied field and, at sufficient field strengths, interact to form particle chains at an angle with respect to the field. The characteristic chain angle decreases with increasing aspect ratio. The angled chains combine laterally to form an open centered rectangular two-dimensional structures belonging to the c2mm plane group. This chaining and assembly behavior is explained based on calculations of the particle pair interactions explicitly accounting for the electric field and shape of the ellipsoids.
author list (cited authors)
Singh, J. P., Lele, P. P., Nettesheim, F., Wagner, N. J., & Furst, E. M.