Modeling of photovoltaic soiling loss as a function of environmental variables Academic Article uri icon


  • 2017 The Author(s) In this study, an artificial neural network (ANN) approach was applied for modeling the relation between environmental variables and daily change in the Cleanness Index (CI, a measure of performance loss due to soiling) of photovoltaic modules in the field in Doha, Qatar. The daily CI was examined among a number of three-dimensional intervals of the daily mean of the environmental variables (i.e., the intervals of two environmental variables were presented on x and y dimensions, and average values of daily CI on the third dimension), in order to qualitatively establish the relations that might help to develop improved PV soiling prediction models. Then, an ANN-based model was set up to simulate the relationship between daily CI and environmental variables and compared with a linear regression model, both models using the same input variables, including present day and previous day environmental conditions, and cumulative exposure time. Strong interactions were observed among environmental variables PM10, relative humidity (RH) and wind speed (WS) regarding their effect on the daily CI. Overall, higher PM10resulted in more negative daily CI (i.e. the module became more soiled), and this effect was more visible at low WS and RH levels, but at high WS (>4 m s1) and high RH (>65%) levels, PM10had no significant (p > 0.05, two tailed t-test) effect on daily CI. Mostly, WS and RH determined how much airborne dust accumulates on the module surfaces and thereby affects the output of the PV modules. Higher WS typically favored more positive daily CI when RH was low, but at higher RH levels (>50%) daily CI was more likely to be negative with increasing WS. In fact, high RH levels were related to negative daily CI only at higher WS levels (>2 m s1); at lower WS levels RH had no significant effect on daily CI. These effects were apparently due to the deposition-resuspension mechanisms of dust accumulation on the PV panel surfaces. The ANN model performed significantly better in predicting daily CI as well as cumulative CI than the linear model in term of R2values and statistical error indexes. The previous day environmental conditions had a significant effect on the modeling outcome. The inclusion of the wind gustiness and cumulative exposure time also considerably improved the model prediction capability. The advantage of the ANN-based model is its simplicity, ease of data fitting and no requirement of an accurate mathematical model.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Javed, W., Guo, B., & Figgis, B.

citation count

  • 104

complete list of authors

  • Javed, Wasim||Guo, Bing||Figgis, Benjamin

publication date

  • November 2017