Prevalence of periodontal disease in patients with Sjögren's syndrome Academic Article uri icon


  • The periodontal status of 25 patients with Sjögren's syndrome was compared with that of an age-, sex-, and race-matched healthy controls. Clinical evaluation included determination of number of teeth, decayed/missing/filled surfaces, probing pocket depth, clinical attachment level, plaque index, gingival index, bleeding on probing, and measurement of alveolar bone level (examined with radiography). Results of the study suggest that patients with Sjögren's syndrome have a significantly higher plaque index score (p < 0.005), higher decayed/missing/filled surfaces scores (p < 0.05), increased alveolar bone loss (p < 0.05), deeper clinical attachment level (p < 0.05), and increased cementoenamel junction-alveolar bone crest distance (p < 0.005). Although no significant difference was found in the number of cases of "established periodontitis" between the Sjögren's syndrome and controls, odds ratio analysis suggests that patients with Sjögren's syndrome are at 2.2 times higher risk of having adult periodontitis than healthy controls.

published proceedings

  • Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod

altmetric score

  • 6

author list (cited authors)

  • Najera, M. P., al-Hashimi, I., Plemons, J. M., Rivera-Hidalgo, F., Rees, T. D., Haghighat, N., & Wright, J. M

citation count

  • 64

complete list of authors

  • Najera, MP||al-Hashimi, I||Plemons, JM||Rivera-Hidalgo, F||Rees, TD||Haghighat, N||Wright, JM

publication date

  • April 1997