A videoscope for use in minimally invasive periodontal surgery.
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INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive periodontal procedures have been reported to produce excellent clinical results. Visualization during minimally invasive procedures has traditionally been obtained by the use of surgical telescopes, surgical microscopes, glass fibre endoscopes or a combination of these devices. All of these methods for visualization are less than fully satisfactory due to problems with access, magnification and blurred imaging. CLINICAL INNOVATION: A videoscope for use with minimally invasive periodontal procedures has been developed to overcome some of the difficulties that exist with current visualization approaches. This videoscope incorporates a gas shielding technology that eliminates the problems of fogging and fouling of the optics of the videoscope that has previously prevented the successful application of endoscopic visualization to periodontal surgery. In addition, as part of the gas shielding technology the videoscope also includes a moveable retractor specifically adapted for minimally invasive surgery. DISCUSSION: The clinical use of the videoscope during minimally invasive periodontal surgery is demonstrated and discussed. CONCLUSION: The videoscope with gas shielding alleviates many of the difficulties associated with visualization during minimally invasive periodontal surgery.
author list (cited authors)
Harrel, S. K., Wilson, T. G., & Rivera-Hidalgo, F
complete list of authors
Harrel, Stephen K||Wilson, Thomas G||Rivera-Hidalgo, Francisco