Modulating Magnetic Refrigeration through Structural Variation in CoII/III–GdIII Clusters
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Three heterometallic aggregates, [(CoII)2(GdIII)2(tBuPO3)2(O2CtBu)2(HO2CtBu)2(NO3)4]·NEt3 (1), [(CoII)2(CoIII)2(GdIII)3(μ3-OH)2(tBuPO3)2(O2CtBu)9(deaH)2(H2O)2] (2), and (CoIII)2(GdIII)5(μ2-OH)(μ3-OH)2(tBuPO3)2(O2CtBu)10(HO2CtBu)(deaH)2]·MeOH (3), were successfully isolated in reactions of [Co2(μ-OH2)(O2CtBu)4]·(HO2CtBu)4, Gd(NO3)3·6H2O, tBu-PO3H2, and diethanolamine (deaH3) by varying the stoichiometry of the reactants and/or changing the solvent. The structures of the final products were profoundly affected by these minor changes in stoichiometry or a change in solvent. The metal-oxo core of these complexes displays a hemicubane or a defective dicubane-like view. Bond valence sum calculations and bond lengths indicate the presence of CoII centers in compound 1, mixed valent Co centers (CoII/CoIII) in compound 2, and only CoIII centers in compound 3 as required for the charge balances and supported by the magnetic measurements. Magnetic studies reveal significant magnetic entropy changes for complexes 1-3 (-ΔSm values of 28.14, 25.06, and 29.19 J kg-1 K-1 for 3 K and 7 T, respectively). This study shows how magnetic refrigeration can be affected by anisotropy, magnetic interactions (ferro- or antiferromagnetic), the metal/ligand ratio, and the content of GdIII in the molecule.
author list (cited authors)
Sheikh, J. A., & Clearfield, A.