Modulating Magnetic Refrigeration through Structural Variation in CoII/III-GdIII Clusters. Academic Article uri icon


  • Three heterometallic aggregates, [(CoII)2(GdIII)2(tBuPO3)2(O2CtBu)2(HO2CtBu)2(NO3)4]NEt3 (1), [(CoII)2(CoIII)2(GdIII)3(3-OH)2(tBuPO3)2(O2CtBu)9(deaH)2(H2O)2] (2), and (CoIII)2(GdIII)5(2-OH)(3-OH)2(tBuPO3)2(O2CtBu)10(HO2CtBu)(deaH)2]MeOH (3), were successfully isolated in reactions of [Co2(-OH2)(O2CtBu)4](HO2CtBu)4, Gd(NO3)36H2O, tBu-PO3H2, and diethanolamine (deaH3) by varying the stoichiometry of the reactants and/or changing the solvent. The structures of the final products were profoundly affected by these minor changes in stoichiometry or a change in solvent. The metal-oxo core of these complexes displays a hemicubane or a defective dicubane-like view. Bond valence sum calculations and bond lengths indicate the presence of CoII centers in compound 1, mixed valent Co centers (CoII/CoIII) in compound 2, and only CoIII centers in compound 3 as required for the charge balances and supported by the magnetic measurements. Magnetic studies reveal significant magnetic entropy changes for complexes 1-3 (-Sm values of 28.14, 25.06, and 29.19 J kg-1 K-1 for 3 K and 7 T, respectively). This study shows how magnetic refrigeration can be affected by anisotropy, magnetic interactions (ferro- or antiferromagnetic), the metal/ligand ratio, and the content of GdIII in the molecule.

published proceedings

  • Inorg Chem

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Sheikh, J. A., & Clearfield, A.

citation count

  • 13

complete list of authors

  • Sheikh, Javeed Ahmad||Clearfield, Abraham

publication date

  • March 2017