Zirconium phosphate nanoparticles and their extraordinary properties
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2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. This chapter begins by describing the synthesis and structure of -zirconium phosphate (-ZrP), Zr(O3POH)2H2O. Selectivities of cations with higher charge are preferred by the amorphous (gel) ZrP, and some interesting separations of radioisotopes have been carried out using chromatographic separations. The amorphous zirconium phosphate was found to be active in the separation of radioactive ions because of its resistance to ionizing radiation, oxidizing media and strong acid solutions. Polymer nanocomposites exhibit significantly enhanced physical and mechanical properties as opposed to conventional micrometre-scale inorganic filler-reinforced polymer composites. -ZrP has a long history of use as a catalyst. It is mildly acidic and can be altered by surface area expansion, by intercalating metal ions, by formation of porous types and by intercalation of catalytically active molecules. -ZrP is inherently a proton conductor. The ability to functionalize the surface of -ZrP opens up more possibilities for electron transfer reactions.
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