Fractionation of Inorganic Phosphorus and Aluminum in Red Acidic Soil and the Growth of Camellia oleifera Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Aluminum (Al) toxicity and phosphorus (P) deficiency are two crucial factors limiting the production of Camellia oleifera, which is grown commercially in red acidic soils in Southern China. The current study characterized the different forms of P and Al in the red acidic soils of C. oleifera plantations. Soil and plant tissue samples taken from 32 Camellia plantations across Hunan province were analyzed. Furthermore, a pot experiment with nutrient solutions of different Al and P contents was carried out to investigate P and Al uptake and their effect on C. oleifera growth. The results showed that the P content extracted by NaOH (Fe-P) was the highest in all types of soil samples (rhizosphere, 020 cm, and 2040 cm zones), followed by P extracted by NH4F (Al-P), H2SO4 (Ca-P), and Na3C6H5O7 (O-P). HCl (In-Al), NH4Ac (Ha-Al), and Na4P2O710H2O (Or-Al) extracted Al were the main forms and accounted for 22.8%, 23.1%, and 23.8% of total Al, respectively. KCl extracted Al (Ex-Al) contents in the rhizosphere, 020 cm, and 2040 cm soil zones were 4.78, 4.86, and 4.59 mgkg1, respectively. P contents in roots, young leaves, and old leaves were 0.80, 0.82, and 0.64 mgkg1, respectively. The highest Al content of 11.35 gkg1 was found in the old leaves, followed by roots and young leaves. Correlation analyses revealed that P in roots was positively associated with available P (AP) and Al-P in rhizosphere. P in roots and young leaves also had a positive correlation with Ex-Al, whereas Al in old leaves was positively correlated with In-Al and total Al. Significant correlations between Al-P, Ex-Al, and AP were detected. The pot experiment indicated that adding Al or P alone increased plant growth and Al or P uptake, respectively. When adding both Al and P, significant synergistic effect was found. These results suggest that Al is beneficial to C. oleifera, which may be the adaptive mechanism of C. oleifera to use insoluble Al-P in red acidic soil.

published proceedings

  • HortScience

author list (cited authors)

  • Yuan, J., Huang, L., Zhou, N., Wang, H., & Niu, G.

citation count

  • 9

complete list of authors

  • Yuan, Jun||Huang, Liyuan||Zhou, Naifu||Wang, Hui||Niu, Genhua

publication date

  • September 2017