Fly-Over: A Light-Weight Distributed Power-Gating Mechanism for Energy-Efficient Networks-on-Chip
Additional Document Info
2017 IEEE. Scalable Networks-on-Chip (NoCs) have become the de facto interconnection mechanism in large scale Chip Multiprocessors. Not only are NoCs devouring a large fraction of the on-chip power budget but static NoC power consumption is becoming the dominant component as technology scales down. Hence reducing static NoC power consumption is critical for energy-efficient computing. Previous research has proposed to power-gate routers attached to inactive cores so as to save static power, but requires centralized control and global network knowledge. In this paper, we propose Fly-Over (FLOV), a light-weight distributed mechanism for power-gating routers, which encompasses FLOV router architecture, handshake protocols, and a partition-based dynamic routing algorithm to maintain network functionalities. With simple modifications to the baseline router architecture, FLOV can facilitate FLOV links over power-gated routers. Then we present two handshake protocols for FLOV routers, restricted FLOV that can power-gate routers under restricted conditions and generalized FLOV with more power saving capability. The proposed routing algorithm provides best-effort minimal path routing without the necessity for global network information. We evaluate our schemes using synthetic workloads as well as real workloads from PARSEC 2.1 benchmark suite. Our full system evaluations show that FLOV reduces the total and static energy consumption by 18% and 22% respectively, on average across several benchmarks, compared to state-of-the-art NoC power-gating mechanism while keeping the performance degradation minimal.
name of conference
2017 IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium (IPDPS)