Design and calibration of an electrostatic energy analyzer-time-of-flight mass spectrometer for measurement of laser-desorbed ion kinetic energies.
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The design of a hybrid electrostatic energy analyzer-time-of-flight mass spectrometer for measurement of ion kinetic energies produced by laser desorption ionization is presented. The need for experimental evaluation of the calibration and performance of the instrument is discussed and a novel laser multiphoton ionization technique, which allows experimental calibration of the energy bandpass of the electrostatic energy analyzer, is described. Laser multiphoton ionization at varying electric field strengths also allows the effects of electric field distortions on energy resolution of the instrument to be probed. Measurement of the translational energies of ions produced by 266-nm laser desorption ionization at 48 mJ/cm(2) of material adsorbed to a stainless steel probe by using this instrument also is presented. Ion translational energies of +195, +105, and +105 eV are found for adsorbed Na(+), K(+), and m-xylene M(+), respectively.