Hard-Core Leisure: A Conceptualization Academic Article uri icon


  • 2017 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. The purpose of this research reflection is to describe a slice of serious leisure that we call hard-core leisure, which we define as a form of serious leisure that involves extraordinary commitment that is directed toward an authentic style of social world activity. Using examples from birdwatching, Civil War reenacting, and climbing, we explain how hard-core participants separate themselves from other participants in terms of what they believe are superior styles of participation and unusual degrees of effort, perseverance, and conduct. Too often, serious participants in any given leisure activity are seen as homogeneous in their attitudes and behavior. The concept of hard-core leisure makes problematic this assumption by bringing to light an extreme form of leisure participation.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 2.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Scott, D., & McMahan, K. K.

citation count

  • 18

complete list of authors

  • Scott, David||McMahan, Kelli K

publication date

  • November 2017