Electronic, Magnetic, and Redox Properties and O2 Reactivity of Iron(II) and Nickel(II) o-Semiquinonate Complexes of a Tris(thioether) Ligand: Uncovering the Intradiol Cleaving Reactivity of an Iron(II) o-Semiquinonate Complex.
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The iron(II) semiquinonate character within the iron(III) catecholate species has been proposed by numerous studies to account for the O2 reactivity of intradiol catechol dioxygenases, but a well-characterized iron(II) semiquinonate species that exhibits intradiol cleaving reactivity has not yet been reported. In this study, a detailed electronic structure description of the first iron(II) o-semiquinonate complex, [PhTttBu]Fe(phenSQ) [PhTttBu = phenyltris(tert-butylthiomethyl)borate; phenSQ = 9,10-phenanthrenesemiquinonate; Wang et al. Chem. Commun. 2014, 50, 5871-5873], was generated through a combination of electronic and Mssbauer spectroscopies, SQUID magnetometry, and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. [PhTttBu]Fe(phenSQ) reacts with O2 to generate an intradiol cleavage product, diphenic anhydride, in 16% yield. To assess the dependence of the intradiol reactivity on the identity of the metal ion, the nickel analogue, [PhTttBu]Ni(phenSQ), and its derivative, [PhTttBu]Ni(3,5-DBSQ) (3,5-DBSQ = 3,5-di-tert-butyl-1,2-semiquinonate), were prepared and characterized by X-ray crystallography, mass spectrometry, 1H NMR and electronic spectroscopies, and SQUID magnetometry. DFT calculations, evaluated on the basis of the experimental data, support the electronic structure descriptions of [PhTttBu]Ni(phenSQ) and [PhTttBu]Ni(3,5-DBSQ) as high-spin nickel(II) complexes with antiferromagnetically coupled semiquinonate ligands. Unlike its iron counterpart, [PhTttBu]Ni(phenSQ) decomposes slowly in an O2 atmosphere to generate 14% phenanthrenequinone with a negligible amount of diphenic anhydride. [PhTttBu]Ni(3,5-DBSQ) does not react with O2. This dramatic effect of the metal-ion identity supports the hypothesis that a metal(III) alkylperoxo species serves as an intermediate in the intradiol cleaving reactions. The redox properties of all three complexes were probed using cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry, which indicate an inner-sphere electron-transfer mechanism for the formation of phenanthrenequinone. The lack of O2 reactivity of [PhTttBu]Ni(3,5-DBSQ) can be rationalized by the high redox potential of the metal-ligated 3,5-DBSQ/3,5-DBQ couple.
author list (cited authors)
Wang, P., Killian, M. M., Saber, M. R., Qiu, T., Yap, G., Popescu, C. V., ... Riordan, C. G.
complete list of authors
Wang, Peng||Killian, Michelle M||Saber, Mohamed R||Qiu, Tian||Yap, Glenn PA||Popescu, Codrina V||Rosenthal, Joel||Dunbar, Kim R||Brunold, Thomas C||Riordan, Charles G