Spectroscopic, Thermal, and Magnetic Properties of Metal/TCNQ Network Polymers with Extensive Supramolecular Interactions between Layers Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Reactions of [M(MeCN)n][BF4]2 salts with Bu4N(TCNQ) in MeOH yield M(TCNQ)2(MeOH)x (M = Mn, 1; Fe, 2; Co, 3; Ni, 4, x = 2-4), and reactions of MnCl2, FeSO47H2O, CoSO47H2O and NiCl26H2O in H2O produce M(TCNQ)2(H2O)2 (M = Mn, 5; Fe, 6; Co, 7; Ni, 8). Infrared spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetric analyses of 1-8 indicate that the products prepared in the same solvent constitute isostructural families of compounds. [Mn(TCNQ-TCNQ)(MeOH)4] (9) crystallizes in the triclinic space group P1, a = 7.2966(8) , b = 7.4289(8) , c = 14.060(2) , = 76.112(2) = 87.242(2), = 71.891(2), V = 702.91(13) 3, Z = 1; [Mn(TCNQ)(TCNQ-TCNQ)0.5(MeOH)2] (10) crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2/c, a = 14.4378(5) , b = 27.3067(11) , c = 13.1238(5) , = 90.057(1), V = 5174.0(3) 3, Z = 8. Compound 9 contains TCNQ- ligands that have undergone an unusual -dimerization to [TCNQ-TCNQ]2- that acts as a tetradentate ligand to Mn(II) ions to give a 2-D staircase polymeric motif. The layers are connected by hydrogenbonds between axially coordinated MeOH from adjacent layers and MeOH located between the layers. Compound 10 exhibits a zigzag polymeric motif with equatorially bound TCNQ-derived ligands of two types; the edges of the layers consist of cis--TCNQ- molecules involved in -stacking with TCNQ- units from another layer and -[TCNQ-TCNQ]2- acting as a tetradentate bridging ligand. Axial MeOH ligands are hydrogen-bonded to dangling nitrile groups of cis--TCNQ- ligands in the next layer. Mn(TCNQ)2(H2O)2 (11) crystallizes in the monoclinic space group I2/a, a = 12.5843(7) , b = 13.7147(7) , c = 13.3525(70 , = 92.887(1), V = 2301.58 3, Z = 4. This material adopts a double-layer motif consisting of Mn(II) ions bonded to syn-2-TCNQ- equatorial ligands and axial H2O molecules. Compounds 1-11 exhibit Curie-Weiss behavior with weak antiferromagnetic coupling being observed at low temperatures. The Zn(II) analogue of 10, [Zn(TCNQ)(TCNQ-TCNQ)0.5(MeOH)2] (12) was also prepared: space group C2/c, a = 14.2252(1) , b = 27.3290(4) , c = 13.1177(2) , = 90.074(1), V = 5099.64(11) 3, Z = 8. Powder X-ray diffraction was used to probe structures 1-11, and it was found that 9 converts to a new phase with heating or exposure to X-rays that is related to disruption of the -dimer (TCNQ-TCNQ)2- ligands and loss of MeOH. The new phase, whose powder pattern is identical with that of a phase prepared from MeCN, exhibits ferromagnetic behavior. 1999 American Chemical Society.

published proceedings

  • Chemistry of Materials

author list (cited authors)

  • Zhao, H., Heintz, R. A., Ouyang, X., Dunbar, K. R., Campana, C. F., & Rogers, R. D.

citation count

  • 133

complete list of authors

  • Zhao, H||Heintz, RA||Ouyang, X||Dunbar, KR||Campana, CF||Rogers, RD

publication date

  • March 1999