Genomic Approaches to Analyze Alternative Splicing, A Key Regulator of Transcriptome and Proteome Diversity in Brachypodium distachyon
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Alternative splicing (AS) promotes transcriptome and proteome diversity in plants, which influences growth and development, and host responses to stress. Advancements in next-generation sequencing, bioinformatics, and computational biology tools have allowed biologists to investigate AS landscapes on a genome-wide scale in several plant species. Furthermore, the development of Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium) as a model system for grasses has facilitated comparative studies of AS within the Poaceae. These analyses revealed a plethora of genes in several biological processes that are alternatively spliced and identified conserved AS patterns among monocot and dicot plants. In this chapter, using a Brachypodium-virus pathosystem as a research template, we provide an overview of genomic and bioinformatic tools that can be used to investigate constitutive and alternative splicing in plants.
author list (cited authors)
Irigoyen, S., Bedre, R. H., Scholthof, K., & Mandadi, K. K.