Monitoring linear antenna arrays using an exponentially weighted moving average-based fault detection scheme
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© 2014 The Author(s). Published by Taylor & Francis. The evolution of modern wireless communications systems has dramatically increased the demand for antenna arrays. An antenna array with certain radiation characteristics is often desired. However, the actual radiation pattern of an antenna array changes when faults are introduced in the array. In this paper a statistical fault detection methodology based on the exponentially weighted moving average (EWMA) control scheme is proposed to detect possible faulty radiation patterns in linear antenna arrays. The proposed method detects the faults based on deviation in the radiation pattern from the desired ones. The difference between synthesized radiation pattern obtained using the Minimax algorithm and the measured pattern can be used as an indicator about the existence or absence of faults. To assess the fault detection abilities of the EWMA control scheme, three case studies are considered, one involving a complete failure in one element in the array, one involving partial failure in two elements, and one involving degradation caused by random noise due to interference and other factors. The simulation results for all cases show the effectiveness of the proposed EWMA fault detection method.
author list (cited authors)
Harrou, F., & Nounou, M. N.