Screening Brassicaceous Plants as Biofumigants for Management of Rhizoctonia solani AG1-IA. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Brassicaceae plants rich in glucosinolates have been used as biofumigants for management of Rhizoctonia solani (teleomorph: Thanatephorus cucumeris) and other soilborne pathogens. Efficacy of brassica plant tissue has mainly been attributed to toxic isothiocyanates released upon hydrolysis of glucosinolates. Management of R. solani AG 1-IA, the causal agent of sheath blight in rice (Oryza sativa), using biofumigation, is promising but needs more validation. Biofumigation activity of nine Brassicaceae plants and two other related species were evaluated in vitro with soils from Texas, Arkansas, or Mississippi. All plants evaluated significantly suppressed the mycelium growth of R. solani AG 1-IA. Mustard (Brassica juncea) cultivars ('Brand 199', 'Ruby Streak', 'Florida Broadleaf', and 'Green Wave') consistently provided the greatest (>90%) mycelial inhibition, while sunn hemp (Crotalaria juncea) and Chinese cabbage (B. rapa) had the least suppressive effect. B. juncea 'Red Giant' and 'Sheali Hong', turnip (B. rapa), kale (B. oleracea), and arugula (Eruca sativa) showed intermediate efficacy or were inconsistent. Effects of soil pasteurization and plant tissue amendment rates were examined with B. juncea Brand 199 and Texas soil. Inhibition of mycelial growth became greater with increasing plant amendment rates up to 3.2% (wt/wt) in the soil. Soil pasteurization almost completely suppressed the release of allyl isothiocyanate (AITC). The nonpasteurized soil amended with 0.5% (wt/wt) of the plant material released 96% more AITC than the soil amended with 0.25% (wt/wt) of the plant material. The highest levels of AITC release were observed at 12 and 24 h after soil amendment, with 0.25 and 0.5% (wt/wt) of the plant material, respectively. Antifungal effects of B. juncea are attributed to dose-dependent production of volatile AITC and could be used for managing rice sheath blight caused by R. solani AG 1-IA.

published proceedings

  • Plant Dis

author list (cited authors)

  • Handiseni, M., Jo, Y., Lee, K., & Zhou, X.

citation count

  • 12

complete list of authors

  • Handiseni, Maxwell||Jo, Young-Ki||Lee, Kyung-Min||Zhou, Xin-Gen

publication date

  • April 2016