Turbine Blade Platform Film Cooling With Fan-Shaped Holes Under Simulated Swirl Purge Flow and Slashface Leakage Conditions Conference Paper uri icon

abstract

  • The combined effects of upstream purge flow, slashface leakage flow, and discrete hole film cooling on turbine blade platform film cooling effectiveness were studied using the pressure sensitive paint (PSP) technique. Detailed adiabatic film cooling effectiveness distributions on the platform were obtained and analyzed. As a continued study, discrete cylindrical holes [1] were replaced by laidback fan-shaped (10-10-5) holes which generally provide better film coverages on the endwall. Experiments were done in a five-blade linear cascade with an average turbulence intensity of 10.5%. The inlet and exit Mach numbers were 0.26 and 0.43, respectively. The inlet and exit mainstream Reynolds numbers based on the axial chord length of the blade were 475,000 and 720,000, respectively. A wide range of parameters were evaluated in this study. The coolant-to-mainstream mass flow ratio (MFR) was varied from 0.5%, 0.75%, to 1% for the upstream purge flow. For the platform film cooling holes and slashface gap, average blowing ratios (M) of 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 were examined. Coolant-to-mainstream density ratios (DR) that range from 1 (close to low-temperature experiments) to 1.5 (intermediate DR) and 2 (close to engine conditions) were also examined. Purge flow swirl effect was studied particularly at a typical swirl ratio of 0.6. The results provide the gas turbine engine community a better insight into various parametric effects on turbine blade platform film cooling with fan-shaped holes when the upstream swirl purge flow and slashface leakage flow were presented. Area-averaged film cooling effectiveness results were compared between cylindrical and fan-shaped holes under various parametric conditions. The results indicate that the fan-shaped holes provide superior film coverage than cylindrical holes for platform film cooling especially at higher blowing ratios and momentum flux ratios.

author list (cited authors)

  • Chen, A. F., Shiau, C., & Han, J.

complete list of authors

  • Chen, Andrew F||Shiau, Chao-Cheng||Han, Je-Chin

publication date

  • January 1, 2017 11:11 AM