Post-extraction algal residue in beef steer finishing diets: I. Nutrient utilization and carcass characteristics
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© 2017 In Part I of a two-part study, an experiment was conducted to determine effects of post-extraction algal residue (PEAR) inclusion on nutrient utilization and carcass characteristics in finishing steers. Eighteen Angus × Hereford steers (initial body weight = 549 ± 38.8 kg) were randomly assigned to one of three treatments for the last 35 days prior to harvest: PEAR added to the ration at 1.0 kg organic matter (OM)/day (PEAR), or 1.0 kg OM/day glucose infused ruminally (GR) or abomasally (GA). The basal diet consisted of a standard finishing ration with additional roughage provided in the diet to prevent sudden changes in intake as a result of infusion treatments. Greater dry matter intake (DMI) was observed for PEAR (13.0 kg/d) than GR (10.3 kg/d; P < 0.05); DMI for steers receiving GA (11.2 kg/d) was intermediate and not different from either PEAR or GR (P ≥ 0.14). Intake of digestible energy (DE) was similar among treatments (P = 0.45) and averaged 36 Mcal/d as was digestible OM intake which averaged 8.8 kg/d (P = 0.51). Digestion of gross energy (GE) was 72.9, 82.6, and 80.9% for PEAR, GA, and GR, respectively (P < 0.01). Digestion of neutral detergent fiber (NDF) was substantially less (55.7%) for PEAR than GA (75.4%) and GR (75.0%; P < 0.01). Steers fed PEAR had greater marbling scores (Mt20) than GA (Sm63) and GR (Sm52; P = 0.01). Accordingly, USDA Quality Grade was greater for PEAR than GA and GR (P = 0.01; Ch40, Ch21, and Ch17, respectively). There was no difference in USDA Yield Grade or hot carcass weight (HCW) between treatments (P ≥ 0.66). In Part II, flavor and fatty acid composition of beef cuts from carcasses used in this study were assessed, and results are addressed in a separate publication.
author list (cited authors)
Morrill, J. C., Sawyer, J. E., Smith, S. B., Miller, R. K., Baber, J. R., & Wickersham, T. A.