Interplay Of Stereochemistry, Conformational Rigidity, And Ease Of Synthesis For 13-Membered Cyclic Peptidomimetics Containing APC Residues Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • As part of a program to design small molecules that bind proteins, we require cyclic peptides (or peptidomimetics) that are severely constrained such that they adopt one predominant conformation in solution. This paper describes syntheses of the 13-membered cyclic tetrapeptides 1 containing aminopyrrolidine carboxyl (APC) residues. A linear precursor was prepared and used to determine optimal conditions for cyclization of that substrate. A special linker was prepared to enable cyclization of similar linear peptidomimetics on a solid phase, and the solution-phase cyclization conditions were shown to be appropriate for this too. Stereochemical variations were then used to determine the ideal APC configuration for cyclization of the linear precursors (on a solid phase, using the conditions identified previously). Consequently, a series of compounds were prepared that are representative of compounds 1. Conformational studies of representative compounds in DMSO solution were performed primarily using (i) NOE studies, (ii) quenched molecular dynamics simulations using no constraints from experiment, and (iii) MacroModel calculations with NMR constraints. All three strategies converged to the same conclusion: the backbone of molecules based on 1 tends to adopt one preferential conformation in solution and that conformation can be predicted from the stereochemistries of the α-amino acids involved.

author list (cited authors)

  • Xin, D., Jeffries, A., & Burgess, K.

publication date

  • January 1, 2017 11:11 AM