Influences of Training on Individual Outcomes for High School Sports Officials Academic Article uri icon


  • The primary purpose of this study was to explore the influences of training on specific quality of work outcomes of job satisfaction, pay satisfaction, and intentions to leave within high school sports officials. Evidence suggests that there is a shortage of high school officials in all categories of high school sport. Via a web-based survey, we explored the effects of training on the individual outcomes under study. Results indicated that the level of training had a significant effect on job satisfaction, pay satisfaction, and turnover intentions. Analyses indicated that officials with less training had higher turnover intentions and lower job satisfaction than officials who had more training. Conversely, officials who engaged numerous training hours had lower pay satisfaction. This exploratory study supports the importance of training high school officials but, more importantly, provides an initial assessment on the reverse effects of training on pay satisfaction.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Ryan, T. D., Sosa, J. P., & Thornton, M. A.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Ryan, Timothy D||Sosa, Jason P||Thornton, Michael A

publication date

  • January 2014