Ring-Puckering Potential Energy Functions for Trimethylene Sulfide and Its Monovalent Cation.
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The spectra and ring-puckering potential energy function for trimethylene sulfide cation (TMS+) from vacuum ultraviolet mass-analyzed threshold ionization spectra have recently been reported. To provide an in-depth comparison of the potential function with that of trimethylene sulfide (TMS) itself, we have used ab initio MP2/cc-pVTZ calculations and DFT B3LYP/cc-pVTZ calculations to predict the structures of both TMS and TMS+ and then used these to calculate coordinate-dependent ring-puckering kinetic energy functions for both species. These kinetic energy functions allowed us to calculate refined potential energy functions of the puckering for both molecules based on the previously published spectra. TMS has an experimental barrier of 271 cm-1 and energy minima at ring-puckering angles of ±29°. For TMS+ the barrier is 60 cm-1 and the energy minima correspond to ring-puckering angles of ±21°. The lower barrier for the cation reflects the smaller amount of angle strain in the ring angles for TMS+.
author list (cited authors)
Chun, H. J., Ocola, E. J., & Laane, J.