Somatic cell mapping of the bovine prion protein gene and restriction fragment length polymorphism studies in cattle and sheep Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Brains affected by the progressive neurological disease bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) contain scrapie-associated fibrils and the protease-resistant isoform of prion protein. The gene encoding the normal host prion protein (PRNP) has been mapped to human chromosome 20 and mouse chromosome 2 with the hamster cDNA probe pEA974. Using this probe and a panel of bovine-rodent hybrid somatic cells, we have mapped PRNP to bovine syntenic group U11 (100% concordancy). PRNP restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) were detected with five of six enzymes (BglII, EcoRI, HindIII, MspI and TaqI) in sheep, in contrast to one of 16 enzymes (HincII) in cattle. Codominant segregation of the bovine HincII RFLP was demonstrated in six backcross pedigrees. While PRNP RFLPs are tightly linked to scrapie incubation period, and consequently susceptibility or resistance to disease in rodents and sheep, the relationship between the PRNP RFLPs and BSE incubation period has not been determined.

author list (cited authors)

  • Ryan, A. M., & Womack, J. E.

citation count

  • 20

complete list of authors

  • Ryan, AM||Womack, JE

publication date

  • February 1993

publisher