Accounting for Gender in a Study of the Motivation-Involvement Relationship Academic Article uri icon


  • 2017, 2017 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. The effects of gender on involvement in high-risk recreation have received limited research attention despite mounting evidence suggesting the learned interactions between people and places likely vary for men and women. The purpose of this study was to provide insights into how gender influenced the motivation-involvement relationship among whitewater recreationists on a Wild and Scenic River in California. Our results revealed the motivations of Risk, Escape, Learning, and Achievement/Stimulation positively influenced involvement in rafting activities. Although gender did not influence all dimensions of involvement, we found that identity expression varied between subgroups. Specifically, men were more likely to ascribe meaning to rafting than women because this activity allowed them to affirm and express their individual character. The implications emanating from this study advance theoretical understanding of the factors that influence enduring involvement and inform natural resource management decisions about maintaining the desired benefits of activities sought by nature-based recreationists.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 1.85

author list (cited authors)

  • Morris, E., van Riper, C. J., Kyle, G. T., Wallen, K. E., & Absher, J.

citation count

  • 10

complete list of authors

  • Morris, Erin||van Riper, Carena J||Kyle, Gerard T||Wallen, Kenneth E||Absher, James

publication date

  • November 2018