Edge connectivity and the spectral gap of combinatorial and quantum graphs Academic Article uri icon


  • 2017 IOP Publishing Ltd. We derive a number of upper and lower bounds for the first nontrivial eigenvalue of Laplacians on combinatorial and quantum graph in terms of the edge connectivity, i.e. the minimal number of edges which need to be removed to make the graph disconnected. On combinatorial graphs, one of the bounds corresponds to a well-known inequality of Fiedler, of which we give a new variational proof. On quantum graphs, the corresponding bound generalizes a recent result of Band and Lvy. All proofs are general enough to yield corresponding estimates for the p-Laplacian and allow us to identify the minimizers. Based on the Betti number of the graph, we also derive upper and lower bounds on all eigenvalues which are 'asymptotically correct', i.e. agree with the Weyl asymptotics for the eigenvalues of the quantum graph. In particular, the lower bounds improve the bounds of Friedlander on any given graph for all but finitely many eigenvalues, while the upper bounds improve recent results of Ariturk. Our estimates are also used to derive bounds on the eigenvalues of the normalized Laplacian matrix that improve known bounds of spectral graph theory.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 2

author list (cited authors)

  • Berkolaiko, G., Kennedy, J. B., Kurasov, P., & Mugnolo, D.

citation count

  • 21

complete list of authors

  • Berkolaiko, Gregory||Kennedy, James B||Kurasov, Pavel||Mugnolo, Delio

publication date

  • September 2017