Ovarian follicular wave synchronization and induction of ovulation in postpartum beef cows
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An experiment was designed to evaluate a) the effect of a progesterone-estradiol combined treatment on ovarian follicular dynamics in postpartum beef cows, and b) ovulation and the subsequent luteal activity after short-term calf removal and GnRH agonist treatment. Multiparous Angus cows (25 to 40 d after calving) were assigned to the following treatments: untreated (Control, n = 9); short term calf removal (CR, n = 8); progesterone (CIDR, n = 9) and progesterone plus estradiol-17 beta (CIDR + E-17 beta, n = 9). Progesterone treatment (CIDR) lasted 8 d and the day of device insertion was considered as Day 0. Cows in the CIDR + E-17 beta group also received an i.m. injection of 5 mg of E-17 beta on Day 1. On Day 8, calves were removed for 48 h (CR, CIDR and CIDR + E-17 beta groups) and 6 h before the end of calf removal these cows also received an i.m. injection of 8 micrograms of Busereline (GnRH). Anestrus was confirmed in all cows by the absence of luteal tissue and progesterone concentrations below 1 ng ml-1 at the beginning of the experiment. Although mean (+/- SEM) interval from the beginning of the experiment (Day 0) to wave emergence did not differ (P > 0.05) among treatment groups (Control, 1.9 +/- 1.0, range -2 to 7 d; CR, 3.9 +/- 0.7, range 0 to 6 d; CIDR, 2.8 +/- 0.5, range 0 to 4 d and CIDR + E-17 beta, 4.1 +/- 0.2, range 3 to 5), the variability was less (P < 0.05) in the CIDR + E-17 beta group. The proportion of cows ovulating 24 to 48 h after GnRH administration tended (P = 0.08) to be higher in cows from CIDR + E-17 beta group (8/9) than in those of CR (5/8) or CIDR (6/9) groups, respectively and was associated with a higher proportion (P < 0.05) of CIDR + E-17 beta treated cows (9/9) that had a dominant follicle in the growing/early static phase at the time of GnRH treatment compared to the other GnRH treated groups (5/8, and 4/9 for CR and CIDR groups, respectively). Two CR cows ovulated 0-24 h after GnRH and only one Control cow ovulated the day before the time of GnRH administration. Cows pretreated with progesterone had longer (P < 0.05) luteal lifespan (CIDR, 14.5 +/- 0.7, CIDR + E-17 beta, 13.9 +/- 0.6 d) than those not treated with CIDR (Control, 5, CR, 4.0 +/- 0.4). We conclude that progesterone plus estradiol treatment results in tightly synchronized wave emergence and high GnRH-induced ovulation rate with normal luteal activity in postpartum beef cattle.
author list (cited authors)
Rivera, G. M., Goñi, C. G., Chaves, M. A., Ferrero, S. B., & Bo, G. A.