Substance Use Among Adolescents in California: A Latent Class Analysis. Academic Article uri icon


  • Data from the California Healthy Kids Survey of 7th, 9th, and 11th graders were used to identify latent classes/clusters of alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use (N = 418,702). Analyses revealed four latent classes of substance use, which included nonusers (61.1%), alcohol experimenters (some recent alcohol use; 22.8%), mild polysubstance users (lifetime use of all substances with less than 3 days of recent use; 9.2%), and frequent polysubstance users (used all substances three or more times in the past month; 6.9%). The results revealed that alcohol and marijuana use are salient to California adolescents. This information can be used to target and tailor school-based prevention efforts.

published proceedings

  • Subst Use Misuse

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Gilreath, T. D., Astor, R. A., Estrada, J. N., Johnson, R. M., Benbenishty, R., & Unger, J. B.

citation count

  • 46

complete list of authors

  • Gilreath, Tamika D||Astor, Ron A||Estrada, Joey N||Johnson, Renee M||Benbenishty, Rami||Unger, Jennifer Beth

publication date

  • January 2014