Effect of prolonged intense endurance training on systolic time intervals in patients with coronary artery disease.
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We studied the effect of exercise training (ET) on systolic time intervals (STI) in 13 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). All patients trained for at least 10 months. They exercised three times/week at 50% to 70% of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) for the initial 3 months and at least four times/week for approximately 50 minutes at 70% to 90% of VO2max thereafter. A significant training effect was documented by an increase in VO2max from 26.0 +/- 4.3 to 37.2 +/- 5.8 ml/kg/min (p less than 0.01), a lower heart rate (HR) at rest, and a lower blood pressure and HR during submaximal work. The indices of total electromechanical systole (QS2I) and left ventricular ejection time (LVETI) did not change. However, pre-ejection period index (PEPI) decreased from 137 +/- 9 msec to 129 +/- 9 msec (p less than 0.01). PEP/LVET decreased from 0.373 +/- 0.028 to 0.342 +/- 0.032 (p less than 0.01). Left ventricular end-diastolic dimension and posterior wall thickness, measured echocardiographically, were increased after training. We conclude that exercise training may improve myocardial performance in some patients with CAD.
author list (cited authors)
Martin, W. H., Heath, G., Coyle, E. F., Bloomfield, S. A., Holloszy, J. O., & Ehsani, A. A.
complete list of authors
Martin, WH||Heath, G||Coyle, EF||Bloomfield, SA||Holloszy, JO||Ehsani, AA