Blood lactate threshold in some well-trained ischemic heart disease patients.
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Six patients with ischemic heart disease who had exercised intensely for longer than 1 yr appeared to have a disproportionately high capacity for endurance exercise relative to VO2 max. They were compared with healthy runners of the same age (mean 55 yr) with similar training programs (6-12 km/day, 5 day/wk). The trained patients had a significantly (P less than 0.05) lower maximal cardiac output (-17%) and VO2 max (-18%, 37 vs. 45 ml . kg-1 . min-1). Despite their lower VO2 max, the trained patients were able to run 8 km at the same speed as the normal runners (approximately 189 m/min). The trained patients' ability to keep pace with the normal subjects was apparently due to a very high lactate threshold (LT) relative to VO2 max. The patients' LT (lactate 1 mM above base line) occurred at a treadmill running speed of 176 m/min, which elicited 100% of their VO2 max, compared with a LT at 178 m/min and 84% of VO2 max in the normal subjects (P less than 0.01). Our results show that some individuals with VO2 max limited by impaired cardiac function can undergo adaptations to training that enable them to maintain close to a metabolic steady state during exercise that elicits VO2 max.
J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol
author list (cited authors)
Coyle, E. F., Martin, W. H., Ehsani, A. A., Hagberg, J. M., Bloomfield, S. A., Sinacore, D. R., & Holloszy, J. O.
complete list of authors
Coyle, EF||Martin, WH||Ehsani, AA||Hagberg, JM||Bloomfield, SA||Sinacore, DR||Holloszy, JO