Effects of creatine supplementation on repetitive sprint performance and body composition in competitive swimmers. Academic Article uri icon


  • In a double-blind and randomized manner, 18 male and female junior competitive swimmers supplemented their diets with 21 g.day-1 of creatine monohydrate (Cr) or a maltodextrin placebo (P) for 9 days during training. Prior to and following supplementation, subjects performed three 100-m freestyle sprint swims (long course) with 60 s rest/recovery between heats. In addition, subjects performed three 20-s arm ergometer maximal-effort sprint tests in the prone position with 60 s rest/recovery between sprint tests. Significant differences were observed among swim times, with Cr subjects swimming significantly faster than P subjects following supplementation in Heat 1 and significantly decreasing swim time in the second 100-m sprint. There was also some evidence that cumulative time to perform the three 100-m swims was decreased in the Cr group. Results indicate that 9 days of Cr supplementation during swim training may provide some ergogenic value to competitive junior swimmers during repetitive sprint performance.

published proceedings

  • Int J Sport Nutr

altmetric score

  • 12.75

author list (cited authors)

  • Grindstaff, P. D., Kreider, R., Bishop, R., Wilson, M., Wood, L., Alexander, C., & Almada, A.

citation count

  • 95

complete list of authors

  • Grindstaff, PD||Kreider, R||Bishop, R||Wilson, M||Wood, L||Alexander, C||Almada, A

publication date

  • December 1997