Introduction: The purpose of this study is to ascertain the extent and quality of theory and theoretical construct utilization among published empirical studies specific to self-care management research involving African-American men living with type 2 diabetes.
Materials and Methods: Systematic literature review for peer-reviewed articles was performed. Articles with barriers, facilitators, masculinity, social support, mistrust, behaviors and decision making among this specific group were sought out.
Results: Some studies mentioned a specific theoretical framework or model. However, 35 out of fifty studies did not report any use of theoretical framework or model.
Conclusions: This paucity of theory utilization points to a breach in the quality of both qualitative and quantitative research in this area with is particular population of men. Researchers either failed to sufficiently use theory or did so but failed to specify how.