Aging and respiratory muscle metabolic plasticity: effects of endurance training.
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We examined the oxidative and antioxidant enzyme activities in respiratory and locomotor muscles in response to endurance training in young and aging rats. Young adult (4-mo-old) and old (24-mo-old) female Fischer 344 rats were divided into four groups: 1) young trained (n = 12), 2) young untrained (n = 12), 3) old trained (n = 10), and 4) old untrained (n = 6). Both young and old endurance-trained animals performed the same training protocol during 10 wk of continuous treadmill exercise (60 min/day, 5 days/wk). Compared with young untrained animals, the young trained group had significantly elevated (P less than 0.05) activities of 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (HADH), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), and citrate synthase (CS) in both the costal diaphragm and the plantaris muscle. In contrast, training had no influence (P greater than 0.05) on the activity of lactate dehydrogenase within the costal diaphragm in young animals. In the aging animals, training did not alter (P greater than 0.05) activities of CS, HADH, GPX, or lactate dehydrogenase in the costal diaphragm but significantly (P less than 0.05) increased CS, HADH, and GPX activities in the plantaris muscle. Furthermore, training resulted in higher activities of CS and HADH in the intercostal muscles in the old trained than in the old untrained animals. Finally, activities of CS, HADH, and GPX were significantly (P less than 0.05) lower in the plantaris in the old untrained than in the young untrained animals; however, CS, HADH, and GPX activities were greater (P less than 0.05) in the costal diaphragm in the old sedentary than in the young untrained animals.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)