Alterations in diaphragmatic oxidative and antioxidant enzymes in the senescent Fischer 344 rat.
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We investigated age-related changes in antioxidant, glycolytic, beta-oxidation, and tricarboxylic acid cycle enzyme activity in the diaphragm and plantaris muscle of female Fischer 344 rats. Tissue samples from the costal and crural diaphragm and plantaris muscle were obtained from 30 animals in the following age groups: 1) 6 mo old (n = 10), 2) 26 mo old (n = 10), and 3) 30 mo old (n = 10). Aging had no effect (P greater than 0.05) on the activities of citrate synthase (CS) and 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (HADH) in the costal or crural diaphragm. Similarly, no age-related differences existed (P greater than 0.05) in the crural diaphragm in lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) or glutathione peroxidase (GPX) activity. In contrast, the activities of LDH and GPX were significantly (P less than 0.05) higher in the costal diaphragm in the 30- than in the 6-mo old animals. In addition, the ratio of LDH to CS activity increased (P less than 0.05) as a function of age in the costal diaphragm. Conversely, the ratio of CS to GPX activity in the costal diaphragm was lower (P less than 0.05) in the 30- than in the 6-mo old animals. No significant (P greater than 0.05) age-related differences existed in LDH-to-CS or CS-to-GPX activity ratios in the crural diaphragm. Finally, aging resulted in a significant decrease (P less than 0.05) in the activities of LDH, CS, and HADH in the plantaris muscle. These data demonstrate that, unlike many hindlimb locomotor muscles, the oxidative capacity of the Fischer 344 rat diaphragm does not decrease in old age.
author list (cited authors)
Powers, S. K., Lawler, J., Criswell, D., Lieu, F. K., & Dodd, S.
complete list of authors
Powers, SK||Lawler, J||Criswell, D||Lieu, FK||Dodd, S