Endurance training-induced increases in expiratory muscle oxidative capacity.
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Recent evidence demonstrates that endurance exercise training improves the oxidative capacity of the major mammalian inspiratory muscle (e.g., costal diaphragm). In contrast, no data exist concerning the effects of exercise training on abdominal expiratory muscles. We tested the hypothesis that 12 wk of endurance exercise training would significantly increase the activity of selected beta oxidation and Krebs cycle enzymes of abdominal expiratory muscles of the rat. To test this hypothesis two groups of female Sprague-Dawley rats were studied: group 1, continuous exercise training (n = 13); and group 2, sedentary control (n = 6). Exercise trained animals ran 5 d.wk-1 on a motorized treadmill for 45 min.d-1 at approximately 75-80% VO2max. When compared with controls, exercise training resulted in elevated (P less than 0.05) activities of 3-hydroxy-acyl-Co-A dehydrogenase (HADH) and citrate synthase (CS) in two abdominal expiratory muscles (rectus abdominus and external obliques). In contrast, training did not alter (P greater than 0.05) CS or HADH activity in the internal obliques/transversus abdominus muscles. In general, the training-induced increases in expiratory muscles CS activity were relatively small (approximately 10-13%) when compared with the training-induced increase in CS activity in the plantaris muscle (approximately 44%). These data demonstrate that continuous exercise training results in small but statistically significant improvements in the oxidative and beta oxidation capacities of expiratory muscles.
author list (cited authors)
Grinton, S., Powers, S. K., Lawler, J., Criswell, D., Dodd, S., & Edwards, W.
complete list of authors
Grinton, S||Powers, SK||Lawler, J||Criswell, D||Dodd, S||Edwards, W