Age-related changes in enzyme activity in the rat diaphragm.
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Limited data exist concerning the effect of growth and aging on the metabolic properties of the diaphragm. Therefore, we investigated age-related changes in protein concentration and glycolytic and Krebs cycle enzyme activity in the diaphragm as well as the plantaris muscle of female Sprague-Dawley rats ranging in age from 1 to 12 months. Samples from the costal and crural diaphragm and the plantaris muscle were obtained from 38 animals in the following age groups: (1) 1 month old (N = 7); (2) 4 month old (N = 6) (3) 6 month old (N = 13); and (4) 12-month-old (N = 12). Body weight and diaphragm weight increased rapidly by a factor of 6 and in parallel during 1-4 months postpartum before reaching a plateau at 6 months of age. No significant difference (P greater than 0.05) existed in the ratio of diaphragm weight to body weight among age groups. Protein concentration was significantly higher (P less than 0.05) in the costal diaphragm and plantaris at 4 and 6 months when compared to 1 and 12 months of age. In the crural diaphragm, protein concentration was significantly lower (P less than 0.05) at 1 month postpartum when compared to all other age groups. Succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) activity was significantly higher (P less than 0.05) at 1 month of age in the plantaris, the costal diaphragm and the crural diaphragm when compared to older animals. In contrast, the activity of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in the plantaris, the costal diaphragm and the crural diaphragm was significantly lower (P less than 0.05) in the 1-month-old animals when compared to all other ages.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
author list (cited authors)
Powers, S. K., Lawler, J., Criswell, D., Dodd, S., & Silverman, H.
complete list of authors
Powers, SK||Lawler, J||Criswell, D||Dodd, S||Silverman, H