Ventilatory and blood gas dynamics at onset and offset of exercise in the pony
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The purpose of these experiments was to examine the temporal pattern of arterial carbon dioxide tension (PaCO2) to assess the relationship between alveolar ventilation (VA) and CO2 return to the lung at the onset and offset of submaximal treadmill exercise. Five healthy ponies exercised for 8 min at two work rates: 50 m/min 6% grade and 70 m/min 12% grade. PaCO2 decreased (P less than 0.05) below resting values within 1 min after commencement of exercise at both work rates and reached a nadir at 90 s. PaCO2 decreased maximally by 2.5 and 3.5 Torr at the low and moderate rate, respectively. After the nadir, PaCO2 increased across time during both work rates and reached values that were not significantly different (P greater than 0.05) from rest at minute 4 of exercise. Partial pressure of O2 in arterial blood and arterial pH reflected hyperventilation during the first 3 min of exercise. At the termination of exercise PaCO2 increased (1.5 Torr) above rest (P less than 0.05), reaching a zenith at 2-3 min of recovery. These data suggest that VA and CO2 flow to the lung are not tightly matched at the onset and offset of exercise in the pony and thus challenges the traditional concept of blood gas homeostasis during muscular exercise.
author list (cited authors)
Powers, S. K., Beadle, R. E., Thompson, D., & Lawler, J.
complete list of authors
Powers, SK||Beadle, RE||Thompson, D||Lawler, J