Ten weeks of aerobic training do not affect lower body negative pressure responses.
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Based mostly on cross-sectional data, it has been suggested that aerobic training may decrease lower body negative pressure (LBNP) tolerance through a hypothesized attenuation in both high- and low-pressure baroreflex gain. An experimental group (EXP) of eight male subjects [22.1 +/- 1.4 (SD) yr] underwent a 10-wk treadmill and cycle ergometer training program, which resulted in a 21% increase in maximal O2 uptake (VO2 max), 45.7 +/- 1.5 vs. 55.2 +/- 1.7 (SE) ml.kg-1.min-1; P less than 0.05]. A control group, (CON; n = 7; 27.3 +/- 5.7 yr), which did not undergo training, had no significant changes in VO2 max (49.4 +/- 3.3 vs. 48.8 +/- 3.2 ml.kg-1.min-1). Before and after training the EXP and CON groups participated in LBNP tolerance tests (terminated at presyncope) and neck pressure-suction testing (to describe the carotid sinus-heart rate baroreflex). LBNP tolerance, as defined by three different indexes, and carotid sinus-heart rate baroreflex gain were not altered in either group after training. Furthermore, there were no changes in LBNP heart rate, blood pressure, leg circumference, forearm blood flow, or forearm vascular resistance responses at any level of LBNP challenge after training. In conclusion, 10 wk of aerobic training did not change LBNP tolerance or alter the reflex cardiovascular compensatory mechanisms activated during LBNP.
author list (cited authors)
Lightfoot, J. T., Claytor, R. P., Torok, D. J., Journell, T. W., & Fortney, S. M.
complete list of authors
Lightfoot, JT||Claytor, RP||Torok, DJ||Journell, TW||Fortney, SM