Varying Degrees of Support: Understanding Parents Positive Attitudes Toward LGBT Coaches Academic Article uri icon


  • The purpose of this study was to examine parents supportive attitudes toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) coaches, as well as the sources of that support. The authors drew from the model of dual attitudes and a multilevel framework developed for the study to guide the analyses. Interviews were conducted with 10 parents who lived in the southwest United States. Analysis of the data revealed three different types of support: indifference, qualified support, and unequivocal support. Further analyses provided evidence of multilevel factors affecting the support, including those at the macro-level (religion), the meso-level (parental influences and contact with sexual minorities), and the micro-level (affective and cognitive influences) of analysis. Theoretical implications and contributions of the study are discussed.

published proceedings

  • Journal of Sport Management

author list (cited authors)

  • Cunningham, G., & Melton, E. N.

citation count

  • 26

complete list of authors

  • Cunningham, George||Melton, E Nicole

publication date

  • July 2014