SOD-1 expression in pig coronary arterioles is increased by exercise training. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Coronary arterioles of exercise-trained (EX) pigs have enhanced nitric oxide (NO.)-dependent dilation. Evidence suggests that the biological half-life of NO. depends in part on the management of the superoxide anion. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that expression of cytosolic copper/zinc-dependent superoxide dismutase (SOD)-1 is increased in coronary arterioles as a result of exercise training. Male Yucatan pigs either remained sedentary (SED, n = 4) or were EX (n = 4) on a motorized treadmill for 16-20 wk. Individual coronary arterioles ( approximately 100-microm unpressurized internal diameter) were dissected and frozen. Coronary arteriole SOD-1 protein (via immunoblots) increased as a result of exercise training (2.16 +/- 0.35 times SED levels) as did SOD-1 enzyme activity (measured via inhibition of pyrogallol autooxidation; approximately 75% increase vs. SED). In addition, SOD-1 mRNA levels (measured via RT-PCR) were higher in EX arterioles (1.68 +/- 0.16 times the SED levels). There were no effects of exercise training on the levels of SOD-2 (mitochondrial), catalase, or p67(phox) proteins. Thus chronic aerobic exercise training selectively increases the levels of SOD-1 mRNA, protein, and enzymatic activity in porcine coronary arterioles. Increased SOD-1 could contribute to the enhanced NO.-dependent dilation previously observed in EX porcine coronary arterioles by improving management of superoxide in the vascular cell environment, thus prolonging the biological half-life of NO.

published proceedings

  • Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol

author list (cited authors)

  • Rush, J. W., Laughlin, M. H., Woodman, C. R., & Price, E. M

citation count

  • 83

complete list of authors

  • Rush, JW||Laughlin, MH||Woodman, CR||Price, EM

publication date

  • November 2000