Influence of Family History of Cancer on Engagement in Protective Health Behaviors
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© 2015, Copyright © SHAPE America. Background: Approximately 1580 people die from cancer each day. Family history is highlighted as an especially important indicator of cancer risk. Purpose: To determine whether having a family member with cancer influences preventive behaviors (e.g., smoking, physical activity, and screenings). Methods: We conducted a secondary data analysis (regression) of the 2014 Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS). Results: The sample was primarily married (48%) females (61.37%; n = 1614). Most participants had a family member diagnosed with cancer (64.33%; n = 1661). Family history did not significantly influence routine screening behavior (β = 0.016, odds ratio [OR] = 1.068, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.751–1.520, P = .708); lifetime smoking status (β = 0.04, OR = 1.19, 95% CI, 0.84–1.69, P = .312); current smoking status (β = − 0.022, OR = 0.955, 95% CI, 0.433–2.105, P = .907); or physical activity behavior (β = − 0.04, 95% CI, − 23.13 to 5.15, P = .207). Discussion When compared to those without a positive family history, respondents with a history of cancer did not engage in significantly different levels of protective lifestyle behaviors. Translation to Health Education Practice: Family history status is an influential factor on one's risk of disease and perhaps should be emphasized and incorporate into health education interventions.
author list (cited authors)
Amuta, A. O., & Barry, A. E.