Twenty-first century graduate education in clinical psychology: a four level matrix model. Academic Article uri icon


  • Clinical psychology is positioned to play key roles in mental and physical health issues of 21st century America. In this regard, however, the present Boulder model of educating clinical psychologists is not preparing our graduates to meet the diverse demands of either today's or tomorrow's marketplaces. Accordingly, we introduce a new, four level "matrix model" for the education of future clinical psychologists. The core focus of the proposed matrix model is on the weaknesses and strengths of people in their personalities and their environments. Moreover, this matrix model operates at the individual, interpersonal, institutional, and societal-community levels of analyses. The details and implications of this proposed educational curriculum are described.

published proceedings

  • J Clin Psychol

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Snyder, C. R., & Elliott, T. R.

citation count

  • 53

complete list of authors

  • Snyder, CR||Elliott, Timothy R

publication date

  • September 2005