PREVIOUS PERSONAL-EXPERIENCE AND REACTIONS TO DEPRESSION AND PHYSICAL-DISABILITY
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Interpersonal models of depression posit that the display of depressive behavior elicits interpersonal rejection and devaluation from others. Two experiments are reported that examined the effects of prior experience with people with disability on interpersonal reactions to depression expressed by a person with a disability. In the first study, subjects rejected further involvement with the depressed person and perceived this person to be socially impaired. In the second study, subjects ascribed significantly more negative personal characteristics to the depressed person and evidenced more stereotypic attitudes toward persons with disability than subjects who viewed the nondepressed person. These results provide evidence that regardless of prior personal experience with people with disability, subjects have negative perceptions and beliefs about a depressed person with a disability.
author list (cited authors)
ELLIOTT, T. R., FRANK, R. G., CORCORAN, J., BEARDON, L., & BYRD, E. K.