Differences in Coping Styles Among Persons With Spinal Cord Injury: A Cluster-Analytic Approach Academic Article uri icon


  • Two subgroups were identified and validated in a group of 53 persons with spinal cord injury by applying cluster-analytic procedures to subjects' self-reported coping and health locus-of-control belief scores. Subjects in Cluster 1 relied extensively on all seven scales of the Ways of Coping Questionnaire, had elevated external health attributions, and reported higher levels of psychological distress and depression. Subjects in Cluster 2 emphasized internal health attributions, reported less distress, and relied less on coping methods described in the Ways of Coping Questionnaire. Treatment implications of results for the two subgroups are discussed. © 1987 American Psychological Association.

altmetric score

  • 1

author list (cited authors)

  • Frank, R. G., Umlauf, R. L., Wonderlich, S. A., Askanazi, G. S., Buckelew, S. P., & Elliott, T. R.

citation count

  • 87

publication date

  • October 1987