Does the Holland Code Predict Job Satisfaction and Productivity in Clothing Factory Workers? Academic Article uri icon


  • Sewing machine operators (N = 318) in three clothing factories located in the rural South were administered the Self-Directed Search (Form E) to determine Holland code, and their work productivity, job satisfaction, absenteeism, and insurance claims were assessed. Results suggested that although this work environment is typified by Holland (1977) as a conventional-realistic environment, the preponderance of workers were of the social code. Job satisfaction was predicted by code on one satisfaction measure (p <.03) and weakly predicted on another (p <.09). The same pattern of means was obtained on both measures, with social subjects the most satisfied, conventional and realistic subjects next most satisfied, and subjects of other codes least satisfied. Conventional and realistic subjects were not more productive than social subjects, but both were more productive than subjects of other codes (p <.001). Absenteeism and insurance claims were not affected by Holland code. The hypothesis that environment-personality congruence in the workplace should result in increased satisfaction and productivity and in reduced absenteeism and injury was not supported.

author list (cited authors)

  • Heesacker, M., Elliott, T. R., & Howe, L. A.

citation count

  • 18

publication date

  • January 1988