Social Problem-Solving Abilities, Social Support, and Adjustment Among Family Caregivers of Individuals With a Stroke
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Objective: To investigate the unique contributions of social problem-solving abilities and social support in the prediction of aspects of caregiver adjustment. Study Design: Correlational procedures were used to determine the unique contributions of social problem-solving abilities and social support in the prediction of caregiver depression, health, and life satisfaction. Mediating factors were examined with correlational and regression analyses. Participants: Caregivers of individuals who had a stroke (20 African Americans and 20 Caucasians). Main Outcome Measures: The general health scale from the Short-Form Health Survey and measures of life satisfaction and depression. Results: Social support was the best predictor of caregiver life satisfaction. Perceived control over emotions when solving problems was the best predictor of caregiver depressive behavior and health. Social problem-solving abilities were associated with caregiver depressive behavior and health; social support did not mediate these relationships. Conclusions: Problem-solving interventions may be most appropriate for the treatment and prevention of caregiver depression and health problems. Social support programs may be indicated for caregiver life satisfaction.
author list (cited authors)
Grant, J. S., Elliott, T. R., Giger, J. N., & Bartolucci, A. A.