Problem-Solving Appraisal and the Effects of Social Support Among College Students and Persons With Physical Disabilities
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The hypothesis that the appraisal of one's own ability to solve problems would moderate the effects of social support among two distinct samples was tested. In the 1st study, college students completed measures of depression, problem-solving appraisal, and social support. Although both predictor variables were significantly associated with depression, the 2 did not significantly interact in the prediction of depression. In the 2nd study, persons who had sustained severe physical disabilities completed the same independent measures and questionnaires of depression and psychosocial impairment. Problem-solving appraisal and social support were predictive of both criterion variables. The 2 independent variables significantly interacted in the prediction of psychosocial functioning. Results are discussed as they pertain to the effects of social support, with particular focus on persons who may have a higher frequency of contact with institutionalized and formal sources of support.
author list (cited authors)
Elliott, T. R., Herrick, S. M., & Witty, T. E.